The ABT Sportsline Audi R8 Super Car Tuning Program

The Audi R8 has been one of the most anticipated and sought-after cars since it was first introduced by the German automaker during its tour of the world auto shows in 2006. Its sleek lines, and modern design paired with its incredible performance makes it a very competitive model in the exotic car marketplace, while its mid-engined layout and two factory engine options provide the perfect platform for a super car tuning program. The team at ABT Sportsline has developed a range of upgrades that are designed to build upon the factory platform and increase performance dramatically for the German sports car. The range of modifications includes engine tuning, chassis and suspension modifications, aerodynamics, and new wheel and tire options.

One of the most important parts of the super car tuning program by ABT Sportsline for the Audi R8 is the engine upgrade enhancements. Both the 4.2-liter V8 and 5.2-liter V10 engines can be upgraded with a host of modifications. Items that are individual but unique to each engine type include racing air intakes with carbon fiber construction, lightweight stainless steel exhaust systems with racing catalytic converters, sport air filters, new spark plugs, and also carbon fiber engine covers. New ECU software tunes that were engineered by ABT Sportsline optimize the ignition, timing, fuel injection delivery, and other parameters to produce a wider power band with a higher overall output of horsepower and torque. For customers that want an extreme super car tuning program for the Audi R8, the German aftermarket company can install a new supercharger system that will drastically increase power output.

In addition to the engine super car tuning program, the Audi R8 4.2 and R8 5.2 can be outfitted with a range of aerodynamic options that optimize downforce and drag. Upgrades range from new front spoilers and air intakes, side skirts, extended fenders, new rear bumpers and diffusers, and trunk lid spoilers. The increase in downforce helps to improve high-speed stability and handling for better performance on the race track.

There are many chassis options available from ABT Sportsline for both Audi R8 models. The factory suspension can be modified with new coilover setups with adjustable damping, camber, and ride height settings or sport springs for better handling dynamics. New brake systems can range from carbon ceramic to steel rotors with larger six- and four-piston calipers at the front and rear axles. New ABT Sportsline DR and CR lightweight alloy wheels with corresponding high performance tires can be installed for better grip and traction.

All of the new products for the Audi R8 super car tuning programs are currently available from ABT Sportsline and can be purchased as a package if customers choose to do so.

The Paradox of Drug Abuse and Euphoria

One of the most significant reasons that people abuse drugs is for the euphoric effects they provide. While many might argue that people use substances to escape reality, to cope with stress and an unlimited number of other reasons, the fact of the matters is that euphoria makes these things possible: drugs cause people to feel good, even if they weren’t necessarily feeling bad to begin with. Unfortunately, the neurological nature of addiction tells us that substance abuse actually makes it more challenging for people to feel euphoria, happiness and contentment.

How Drug Abuse Works: Understanding the Role of Dopamine

The following is a highly simplified explanation of the processes at work when a person abuses drugs:

1.) Drug is consumed which sends signals to neurons in the brain to release the neurotransmitter dopamine (or others in some cases).

2.) Dopamine binds with specialized receptors and produces a feeling of well-being, contentment and euphoria.

3.) Drugs prevent dopamine re-uptake, essentially leaving the substance in the brain for much longer than would ever occur in a natural environment.

4.) Dopamine stimulates the reward center of the brain, which creates a contextual log of the event to use as cues to prompt the user to repeat the behavior. (This is based on the theory that addiction is a byproduct of an innate evolutionary survival mechanism.)

And with these four steps, the groundwork for addiction has been laid.

Tolerance: Another Evolutionary Survival Mechanism

In order to offset the effects of chemical substances, the central nervous system will make changes to receptors and neuronal circuitry to create a resistance to the drug. This can be accomplished by making fewer receptors available, altering the structure of receptors, limiting or restricting their ability to bind to neurotransmitters, or by “disconnecting” parts of neuronal circuits.

The chemical resistance created by adaptations at the neuronal level means that the user will obtain less and less euphoric effect because the CNS essentially views the drug as an invading foreign substance that interferes with the proper working functions of the brain. Of course, this is exactly what drug abuse is; persistent self-inflicted poisoning.

In order to offset the euphoria-limiting effects of tolerance, drug users will simply increase their dosages accordingly. This prompts more changes in neurons – changes that by this point are becoming permanent for many addicts. Ultimately, these changes only make it harder to feel euphoria and generally lead to depression, thoughts of suicide, feelings of worthlessness and other debilitating emotions.

In fact, feelings that are specific to certain drugs, such as high-energy to cocaine, relaxation to marijuana and joy to opiates, are often reversed as the body becomes tolerant to the drugs that cause these responses. This is especially true when an addict suddenly stops using; by forcing drugs into their bodies for so long, they have effectively developed a tolerance to the very feelings they sought to achieve with their substance abuse in the first place.

To summarize, drug abuse can destroy a person’s ability to feel good. And because addiction often comes with repeated relapse events, each successive period of active drug addiction results in additional, permanent changes within the brain – changes that can have a lasting effect on the emotional and mental well-being of the user for the rest of their lives.

This isn’t information to be used as a scare tactic to keep people away from drugs; it’s nothing more than science expressed. People take drugs to feel good, but once addicted those feelings become harder and harder to achieve, even long after active drug use has stopped. This is why it is absolutely critical that if you or someone you love is abusing drugs, they must stop now. With each passing day and each successive “high,” the one thing that they seek – happiness – becomes more difficult to come by; often leading to personal disaster.

The ultimate paradox of drug abuse is that it robs from you what you seek from it.

What Clients Want From An Article

Writing has emerged as one of the most preferred freelance career options for people who have good language skills. By writing online, a person can now make good money. However, it needs to be understood that not everyone can write articles that will be accepted by the online clients. What the online media needs is a writer who can follow some basic writing rules so that the articles that are written by him or her meet the purpose.

In most cases, writers are needed to write online articles that comply with certain rules and standards that will make the client’s webpage rank higher. This is perhaps the most important and basic purpose of article writing. The clients therefore look for writers who understand SEO and other such techniques that make the article more visible thereby making the online business of the client more prominent over the World Wide Web.

Here are the basics that a writer should know about what a client looks for in the articles:

1. Uniqueness – The first aspect about writing articles for clients online is to maintain uniqueness. The fact that you have been paid for the articles you write is a reason enough to understand that you are being paid for your efforts to research on the provided topic and write and not to copy from the information already or readily available on the internet. There are various tools that help you to check the originality or uniqueness of the article you have written. The most popular being Copyscape. It is unique and original content that will be ranked higher and help your client increase the visibility of his online business.

2. High quality – The next important thing about the articles that you write is the quality. It is important to keep in mind that the language you choose to write the article in should be very familiar to you. If you are writing articles in English, you need to be sure that you write flawless articles which are perfect in English grammar and thought flow. This applies to writing articles for clients in any other language as well. No matter how unique or SEP streamlined your article is, the client will always want to pay for articles that have good content so that the readers get attracted to it.

3. Keyword-rich content – When writing for online submission or online publishing, it is important to understand that the articles that help the webpage or blog rank higher are always that are preferred. This means, that you need to have a proper understanding of what keywords you need to use in your article and the keyword density you need to follow. In most cases, the clients will state the keywords and keyword density. It may help you even further if you are able to o some keyword research using tools like Google AdWords to further enhance the visibility of your articles by the search engines.

Writing articles for online clients to get paid is definitely an easy way to earn some passive income. However, it is important to get some basic training on content development to enhance your exposure and understand the above parameters better.

The Novitec Ferrari F12Berlinetta With 700+ HP and 3 Piece Wheels

In 2015, Ferrari unveiled the new F12Berlinetta super car to replace its aging Ferrari 599 GTB Fiorano grand touring super car. The same front-mid engined, rear-wheel drive layout was carried over and improved upon with brand new technology, a more refined chassis, and even better performance, wrapped in a redesigned shell. With the new super car being so new to the market, there have not been any upgrade programs or modifications available for owners until Novitec Rosso introduced its new performance package with engine tuning, chassis upgrades, 3 piece wheels, and interior refinements.

Compared to its successor, the Ferrari F12Berlinetta features a larger, more powerful 6.3-liter, naturally-aspirated V-12 engine that produces 640 horsepower. The team at Novitec Rosso thought that the factory output just wasn’t enough and developed a new set of upgrades that greatly increased power. Instead of creating an all-out engine upgrade program that modified the inside of the engine, the German tuning company focused mainly on bolt-on upgrades to send more power to the rear 3 piece wheels. The 6.3-liter engine was fitted with a new sport air intake system, a new exhaust with steering wheel-adjustable butterfly valves, and an ECU tune that optimizes the ignition, timing, fuel injection, and pushes back the engine redline to 8,900 RPM.

The result of the engine upgrades is an astonishing 763 horsepower (545 kW) at 8,500 RPM and 518 lb-ft. (703 Nm) at 6,300 RPM. This enables the Italian super car to accelerate to 62 mph in less than 3.1 seconds and reach a top speed of over 345 km/h (214 mph), making it both the fastest and most powerful Ferrari on the market.

In order to reliably be able to put all of that power to the ground without constantly losing traction, the Novitec Rosso team had to upgrade the chassis and add 3 piece wheels. For better handling and an optimum center of gravity, a set of sport springs were installed that reduce the ride height by 40 mm at the front and rear axles. A new hydraulic lift system was also installed to raise the front axle by 40 mm to overcome speed bumps and parking ramps, and automatically lowers at 80 km/h. A new set of 3 piece wheels were fitted in a 9.5J x 21 front and 12J x 22 rear staggered setup and equipped with 255/30 ZR 21 and 335/25 ZR 22 Pirelli high-performance tires to improve overall grip and handling properties.

Novitec Rosso also allows for customers to add interior options in leather, alcantara, and carbon fiber for a custom look. The exterior can be fitted with black tail lights and side markers that are the only other visual modification besides the 3 piece wheels.

Travel and Leisure Article Category

Many people like to stay in shape throughout the year. It may seem like it is easier to exercise in warmer months, but actually there are a number of fitness activities that you can participate in during the winter as well. Here are a few things you may want to consider the next time you are looking for a fun fitness activity.

Cross-Country Skiing

Cross-Country Skiing is a popular choice for a winter activity. This has been noted as one of the very best winter workouts. The reason is that it takes the entire body to maneuver through the snow in skis thus essentially creating a full body work-out. Also, because there are significant challenges to balance yourself as your ski, you are also using your muscles to ensure that you stay upright.

Hiking

Hiking is another great fitness activity that many people may categorize as only a possibility in the warmer season. This is simply not true. Hiking can be done in colder months, but special precautions should be taken such as dressing appropriately and packing plenty of food and water. Hiking is a great way to burn fat, stretch your limbs, and maintain your stamina during the winter. This is a great calorie burner while enjoying the great outdoors.

Tobogganing

Tobogganing is such a fun activity you may have never considered how it is actually a workout to do it. You basically ride on a sled down a slope hill and then repeat until you can’t stand any more fun. In this activity you have to work to balance yourself on the sled which does take some muscle usage and when you drag the sled back up the hill you slid down you are burning calories.

Ice Skating

Ice skating is a terrific way to keep in shape during the winter. This workout increases cardiovascular activity and can easily burn between 300-450 calories as you glide over the ice. You can increase you speed and burn more calories or simply glide along peacefully, the choice is yours. Who knew that doing something so fun could be exercise, too!

Snowball fights

Speaking of fun work outs, snow ball fights are definitely another option for exercise. You will automatically get a workout by running, ducking, and throwing that you won’t even realize because you will be having such a great time. There are many things your body will be doing as you twist and turn to avoid those snow balls. The best kind of workout is the kind that doesn’t seem like one!

There are a number of ways to stay fit during the summer that doesn’t require a boring workout routine. You can simply participate in one of the activities listed or even create your own way of having fun. Anything that gets your blood pumping and your heart racing is definitely a workout. Winter doesn’t have to be a time that you pack on some extra pounds, instead you can find a fitness activity that suits you and stay in shape all year around.

How to Promote a Cake Decorating Business

Promotion is an important aspect of a business. Even those who are working on small home businesses such as a cake decorating business have to think of the best ways who to promote it to others. Customers have to be aware that delicious and beautifully decorated cakes are available for them to order and to enjoy eating. Business owners who are able to provide the best quality products will in no time gain more customers. People who are able to get the chance to order can see their great designs and they may also enjoy excellent taste of their cakes. They will then recommend it to others.

Another way to promote a cake decorating business is to make use of networking. Business owners can tap the various groups or associations that they are currently involved in. They may be able to let them know about their cake decorating business especially when there are special events or occasions that are being celebrated. The different people in their network have their own networks as well and those who are in business may have the chance of being known to them through the promotional campaigns that they can launch via their own network of family members, friends, neighbors and other groups where they are a member of.

Aside from exposing the cake decorating business to the personal networks of the owners, they can also extend its exposure to the industry. Those who are in the cake business may work with wedding photographers, dressmakers as well as caterers and other business owners who provide the best services to clients who need them. They may also enter agreements to those whose business is to organize various events like birthdays, anniversaries, weddings as well as other important occasions. Wedding planners for example need dependable individuals or business enterprises that can provide them with the best designs and the best taste for wedding cakes.

Although spreading the name of the business through word of mouth is very effective, people who are into the cake decorating business also have to make use of a website. Most prospective customers today rely on the internet to find what they need. It would be easier for them to find out about those who are offering great cake designs for special events. Business owners have to provide all the necessary information about the things that they are offering to their customers. However, they should also be ready to accommodate them and meet their needs whether they have placed the order personally or through their website via online placing of order. These are some effective ways to promote products especially for those who are in the cake decorating business.

Sage 100 Hosting – A Competitive Edge

If you are looking for a solution for your accounting and business operation needs, you’ll find that Sage has software packages that will suit your company’s requirements perfectly. From keeping control over payroll, customer data management, cash management, and real-time information, Sage products can help your business run smoothly and seamlessly. Take your business tools to the next level of success with Sage 100 hosting that will allow you operate your business in a virtual environment, in order to cut costs while helping to improve business efficiency.

Just how can operating Sage 100 in an off-site manner help you to gain the competitive edge that you need?

First and foremost, hosted applications can help you to lower you overall operational expenses. Sage accounting products already help you to streamline your business, but remote hosting will help you to save significant amount of money in several departments of your company. You’ll be able to drastically cut down on your IT costs for hardware, software, and manpower. Hosted computing means that businesses no longer need to invest in costly servers and the other types of hardware required for the processing power that large complex applications like Sage need.

Imagine having unlimited storage capacity so that you can better serve your customers. Running out of storage on your hard drive or primary server can be a nightmare, especially during the busiest times of the month or the end of the financial year. In a virtual server environment it is almost effortless to add more storage, and not have to worry about inadvertently deleting valuable data.

While on the topic of deleting valuable data, what would happen to your business if your primary server was damaged or your laptop was lost or stolen? Chances are that this would result in a huge set of headaches for your entire company, and for your customers. With off-site hosting your data is protected, backed up, and there when you need to access it.

Hosting your applications on-site can give you the control that you want, granted. But with the right hosting company, you’ll be able to make changes to your Sage application when needed, and you’ll have the luxury of not having to worry about the entire system going offline in the event of a power outage. With cloud-based technologies, you’ll no longer need to rely on one single machine to keep your company operational. You’ll have the peace of mind that comes from knowing you have a strong support system keeping your business operational, around the clock.

Whether you are looking for virtual hosting for Sage 100 ERP or for Sage 100 Contractor, you’ll find that remote hosting is the best solution to help you better serve your end customers while helping to make your business as efficient as is possible.

An efficient business that doesn’t need to focus a large amount of attention and expensive resources on accounting and operational issues will be able to better focus on giving customers the individualized attention and service that they need.

The Role of Neurons in Substance Abuse

Addiction is a neurological disease and any attempt to define it otherwise can be met with compelling evidence. In fact, the nature of the disease of addiction is almost entirely based upon functions that occur within nerve cells and the circuits they are wired in. Understanding the role neurons play in substance abuse won’t help an addict get clean directly, but it will foster an environment of understanding that can help to mitigate and improve the serious public health threat of substance abuse.

What is a Nerve Cell?

There are billions – perhaps trillions – of nerve cells in the brain. Some scientists theorize there are so many nerve cells because in the event of their death or alteration, these cells are not regenerated and therefore we require a surplus of them. And because their functions are so critical, nerve cells are found in abundance in every area of the brain.

Nerve cells – also called neurons – have many different functions, but overall these functions are primarily communication-related. Neurons communicate by sending and receiving signals to other neurons and nerve circuits, to glands and other hormone-related organs, to muscle cells and other parts of the central nervous system.

Neurons are arranged in circuits, though individual nerve cells do not physically touch. Instead, they float freely within the circuit.

The Individual Parts of Nerve Cells/Neurons

A neuron has 4 primary components;

1. Cell Body: the actual body of the nerve cell

2. Dendrites: dendrites branch out from the top of the nerve cell body

3. Axon: the axon is a long “cord” that extends from the bottom of the cell body

4. Terminals: the terminals branch out from the end of the axon

What Happens During Drug Use

When drugs enter the bloodstream, a signal is sent that excites certain dendrites in a nerve circuit. This signal is processed by the cell body, which in turn then sends instructions about the signal down through the axon. The axon conveys the signal and a neurotransmitter – often dopamine – is released by the terminals.

The neurotransmitter settles into the small gap between individual neurons – called the synaptic gap – and binds with receptors found in the dendrites of connected nerve cells. This causes the user to feel a euphoric sensation or “high.” When drugs like cocaine, heroin or meth interfere with this process, the neurotransmitter is not reabsorbed correctly by the terminals, resulting in neurotransmitter saturation. This causes the high to last for an extended period of time, whereas a natural release of a transmitter like dopamine normally causes a mildly pleasant feeling that quickly dissipates.

How the Brain Corrects the Imbalance

Because drug use is essentially a chemical invasion of the brain, the central nervous system will seek to control the effects of the substance. This is accomplished through a process called drug tolerance, whereby users find it increasingly more difficult to get high.

Tolerance develops when changes are made to the way receptors bind with neurotransmitters, or when other processes in the nerve circuit are altered in order to reduce or eliminate the effects of the foreign substance. Unfortunately, this often means that the drug user will simply increase the dosage of drugs in order to overcome this growing tolerance. This is the beginning of the cycle of addiction.

Permanency of Changes

Changes made to receptors and nerve cells are not reversible. This means that the brain of a drug addict will have significantly changed by the time they stop using. Because these changes are largely permanent, they may cause the addict to feel differently than they did before they began using. Adjusting to these changes is the most difficult part of long term recovery from addiction or alcoholism.

The evidence shows that addiction is not an issue of morals or character; it has its roots literally in our brains and therefore deserves to be treated as the serious health concern that it is. This is why addiction can happen to anyone: we are all wired the same. The sooner we can understand this, the sooner we can begin to offer addicts the right treatment solutions, beginning with a grounded public perception of the neurological nature of addiction.

Being Smart About Car Security

Most cars today have the option of remote keyless entry, it’s just that many people don’t really know how to make the most of it. The common questions that arise are what happens when I press all the buttons on the key. Many are also sceptical about the safety associated with such a key if it can open a door from over 20ft away. Many also wonder about the possibility of someone else being able to open the door of the car with a similar key.

There are two basic remote keyless entry devices that are in the market. The first is a fob that is on your key ring which will lock and unlock your doors. Many keys also come with a means to arm and disarm an alarm on your car. The other kind is a small controller that is usually hung from your sun visor that will help you open a garage door. They can be part of home security systems that are remote control based.

For the first kind, that is a fob with a keychain, works with a small radio transmitter. When you press the relevant button on the fob, it sends out a coded signal to the receiver which either in the car or in the garage and this triggers the action to be completed.

Security of course is a big issue with remote keyless entry car keys. If it were that simple, then people would be opening each other’s cars and this could be a huge security threat. There are however ways and means in which each key is personalized and does not work when it comes to another car. It all is based on the programming of the chip that is inside the key and its transmitter and receiver.

There are several advantages to using a keyless entry system for your car. For one it is an efficient means of securing your car. It is simple enough to use and easy enough to reprogram to suit your needs. It works as a means of entry into the car, a means to lock it and to trigger a theft alarm whenever required. All of these advantages put together make it an excellent means of car security. It is also compact and is easily incorporated into your key or onto the key ring that you have. Such electronically created devices often have a fool-proof level of efficiency to them.

Top 6 Adventure Trips in Grenada

Visiting the island of Grenada in the Caribbean doesn’t mean that you’ll have to lie around on a beautiful beach with the crystal clear waters lapping on the shoreline whilst you sip on an ice cold rum punch. There are plenty of opportunities for adventure and it will also give you a chance to see some of the most beautiful and memorable places in Grenada.

Here are my top tips for enjoying some Caribbean adventure whilst on the Spice Isle;

1. Trek the Jungle

The Grand Etang Lake and Forest Reserve is a magnificent landscape of rain forest, exotic flora and fauna. You’ll see everything from hummingbirds to Mona monkeys to hibiscus bushes. It’s also a great chance to take some excellent photographs too.

2. Slide Down the Waterfall at Mount Carmel

The walk to the waterfall is really quite short, but once you get there you’ll be able to slide down a natural slide into the clear cool waters. Walk further along and you’ll see a wall of water gushing down, perfect for a photographic backdrop.

3. Take a Fisherman’s Boat Over to Sandy Island

This is regularly rated as one of the best adventures on the island. It’s in the north and close to the town of Sauteurs. You’ll be able to book this trip through one of the local hotels in Sauteurs. A great snorkel and you’ll also be able to enjoy the freshly caught fish straight off the open fire and possibly drink from a fresh coconut.

4. Join the Hash House Harriers

These guys always go off the beaten path and pick routes that are suitable for both walkers and runners. You’ll have to join in with the drinking at the end to really get the best of the event but you’ll meet a wide range of people who live on the island and its well worth doing it.

5. Join in The Annual Carnival

There’s nothing so much fun as a Caribbean Carnival. The highlight for many is J’Ouvert Morning, which is the opening of the event. If you know a local, all the better as they’ll be able to show you the ropes on how to dance and enjoy the festivities like a local.

6. Watch the Leatherback Turtle Nest

Most visitors are absolutely astounded when they see these humungous marine creatures land on the beach. At over 1,000 lbs and sometimes over 6 foot long, they’ll take your breath away as you watch them walk up the beach to lay their eggs.

Grenada and the Caribbean in general has a lot of activities to do that will give you some adventure and will allow you to see far more than you would on a traditional resort style holiday.